5 Words with “然” That Many Pupils Are Confused With

In the primary school syllabus, students would have encountered at least 8 words that are “X 然”. In this article, we will tackle the top 5 words to give pupils a clearer idea of how they are being used.


“果然” is being used when what actually happened is in sync with your thoughts prior to the event happening.

In other words,
你想的= 真实发生的
Then we can use “果然”.

In this example, a theft has happened. You have a suspect in mind and it turns out that you are right. This is how we can form a sentence:


“竟然” is the direct opposite of “果然”. If “果然” is used when your thoughts matches what happen, then “竟然” is used when something happens unexpectedly.

“竟然”= 没想到

In this example, 丽美 is a very quiet girl. Nobody in the class would have expected her to raise her hand voluntarily to answer a question but she did.


“仍然” is used when then situation remains the same.

“仍然”= 还是,still

In this example, the boy refused to budge even when his mother has reminded him a couple of times.


“猛然” is used when an action suddenly occurs. Though it is right to say that “猛然” means suddenly, the usage is different from “忽然” and “突然”.

For example, we can say
忽然,小明听到 “啊” 的一声。他转过头去,发现妹妹被剪刀弄伤了。

However, we cannot say

“猛然” has to be used in the middle of a sentence and must be followed immediately by an action.

In this example, “猛然” is immediately followed by “想起”.


“既然” means “since” and it has to be paired with “就” in the second half of the sentence to form the structure “since…, then…”

It is important to be able to differentiate all these different words with “然” so that when we tackle multiple choice questions, we are able to choose the answers correctly.

We hope you have strengthened your concepts today. Happy learning!

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