When it comes to writing a good composition, most people think of memorizing some good phrases (好词好句). If pupils learn the right types of phrases, it will help a lot in creating good content.
Not all good phrases are created equal
When teachers mark pupils’ composition, we look out for how well contents are developed. To improve the content, pupils should focus on the characters’ FAST.
FAST stands for:
F- Feelings (心情)
- 看到这一幕，XX 有什么感受？ 为什么？
- 听了老师的话，XX 有什么感受？ 为什么？
- XX 觉得怎么样？
A- Actions (动作)
S- Speech (对话)
T- Thoughts (感想)
How to make it better with FAST:
Pupils can learn to identify FAST by circling them in the planning stage of writing compositions. Learning and using good phrases on FEELINGS & ACTION can also help pupils to express themselves better.
Good phrases from the following categories are highly recommended to learn:
- 心情 Feelings：高兴、兴奋、生气、难过、着急、紧张、害怕、后悔、惭愧
- 动作 Actions：跑、走、偷、说、看、受伤
- 结尾 Ending：做错事
Types of Phrases to avoid Spending Too Much Time On
Writing about the weather usually has no relation to the composition at all, unless the weather is shown in the picture and affects the content.
When teachers come across such phrases or sentences, it is very obvious to us that pupils have memorized them and are eager to squeeze them into the composition.
Flashback introductions are usually used in titled composition （命题作文）. When pupils choose to write picture compositions, they are strongly encouraged to use a 3rd person view approach. Flashback introductions are used when written in 1st person view. If pupils really want to learn, 1 or 2 will be sufficient.
Pupils should focus on phrases that help to improve composition content. Start learning more good phrases on feelings and actions before anything else.